A community economy is not an economy in which well-placed
persons can make a ‘killing’. It is an economy whose aim is generosity
and a well-distributed and safeguarded abundance.
Wendell Berry is a strong defender of family, rural communities, and
traditional family farms. I've blogged on his thoughts before. These underlying principles found at the Briarpatch Network could be
described as ‘the preservation of ecological diversity and integrity,
and the renewal, on sound cultural and ecological principles, of local
economies and local communities’:
1. Always ask of any proposed change or innovation: What will this do to our community? How will this affect our common wealth.
2. Always include local nature – the land, the water, the air, the native creatures – within the membership of the community.
3. Always ask how local needs might be supplied from local sources, including the mutual help of neighbours.
4. Always supply local needs first (and only then think of exporting products – first to nearby cities, then to others).
5. Understand the ultimate unsoundness of the industrial doctrine of
‘labour saving’ if that implies poor work, unemployment, or any kind of
pollution or contamination.
6. Develop properly scaled value-adding industries for local
products to ensure that the community does not become merely a colony
of national or global economy.
7. Develop small-scale industries and businesses to support the local farm and/or forest economy.
8. Strive to supply as much of the community’s own energy as possible.
9. Strive to increase earnings (in whatever form) within the community for as long as possible before they are paid out.
10. Make sure that money paid into the local economy circulates
within the community and decrease expenditures outside the community.
11. Make the community able to invest in itself by maintaining its
properties, keeping itself clean (without dirtying some other place),
caring for its old people, and teaching its children.
12. See that the old and young take care of one another. The young
must learn from the old, not necessarily, and not always in school.
There must be no institutionalised childcare and no homes for the aged.
The community knows and remembers itself by the association of old and
13. Account for costs now conventionally hidden or externalised.
Whenever possible, these must be debited against monetary income.
14. Look into the possible uses of local currency, community-funded loan programmes, systems of barter, and the like.
15. Always be aware of the economic value of neighbourly acts. In
our time, the costs of living are greatly increased by the loss of
neighbourhood, which leaves people to face their calamities alone.
16. A rural community should always be acquainted and interconnected with community-minded people in nearby towns and cities.
17. A sustainable rural economy will depend on urban consumers loyal
to local products. Therefore, we are talking about an economy that will
always be more cooperative than competitive.